Kp-index Help

NOAA SWPC Planetary K-index

This is the planetary K-index from the NOAA SWPC. This is a preliminary Kp-index that is updated every minute by the NOAA SWPC with an estimate of the measured Kp of the past 3 hours based on eight ground-based magnetometers around the world. This estimated 3-hour planetary Kp-index consists of 10 values and ranges from 0 to 9. It is important to understand that this Kp-index isn't a forecast or an indicator of the current conditions, it always shows the Kp-value that was observed during a certain period.

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GFZ Potsdam Quicklook Kp-index

This is the Quicklook Kp-index from the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences. This is a preliminary Kp-index which estimates the Kp-index in 3-hour periods. It is expressed in a scale of thirds and has 28 values.

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GFZ Potsdam Quicklook Geomagnetic ap-index

The ap index is a 3-hourly "equivalent amplitude" index expressing the range of disturbance in the horizontal components and is directly related to the Kp index. Each day the Ap index will be determined by averaging the eight values of ap for each day. The A-index was invented because there was a need to derive some kind of daily average level for geomagnetic activity. Because of the non-linear relationship of the K-scale to magnetometer fluctuations, it is not meaningful to take averages of a set of K indices

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